Relationships between phase, reactance, and resistance:

         Phase = arctan (Reactance/Resistance)


Download SMAc-c Mouse A supplemental Data Here:





Wikipedia Electrical Impedance myography page contains basic introduction to electrical impedance myography concepts:


Dielectric properties of Body Tissues home page contains useful calculators for approximating values in healthy tissues, including muscle:


Home page for the International Society for Electrical Bioimpedance (ISEBI): this is the main association focused on furthering the application of bioimpedance methods to the life sciences:


Home page for Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance: recently established international, open-access journal focused on research in the field of bioimpedance:


General review of bioimpedance based methodologies: this article provides a recent useful review of bioimpedance methods and theory:Bioimpedance review article